A True Friendship Essay

1249 words - 5 pages

Improper Drug Disposal May Harm Fish
September 19, 2005
Release from: Juliet Eilperin
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - Scientists are calling it a prescription drug dilemma with potentially damaging side effects.

Academics, state officials and environmental advocates are starting to question whether massive amounts of discarded pharmaceuticals flushed down the drain pose a threat to the nation's aquatic life and possibly to people.

In waterways from the Potomac River to the Brazos River in Texas, researchers have found fish laden with estrogen and antidepressants. Many of those show evidence of major neurological or physiological changes.

No one has seen evidence of effects ...view middle of the document...

EPA officials say they still are gauging the seriousness of the threat. Technological advances in testing make it possible to detect very low levels of hormones and chemical compounds in waterways, they say, and it is unclear whether such levels harm animals or people.

Hal Zenick, who monitors health issues in the EPA's Office of Research and Development, said several agencies are working to determine whether such contaminants "lead to exposures, and do these exposures have implications for health effects."

Others, including drug manufacturers and sewage treatment operators, say that while they are monitoring the contaminants, their threat has been overstated.

Thomas White, an environmental consultant for the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA), said industry studies indicate there are "no appreciable human health risks" and no "appreciable impacts on the aquatic environment" linked to drugs in the water.

In recent months, however, scientists have issued a series of findings suggesting that discarded drugs, which pass through municipal wastewater systems and into rivers, lakes and streams, could affect the environment. In 2002, a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) study found these kinds of contaminants in 80 percent of the 139 streams it sampled in 30 states.

Other researchers suspect that hormones and medicines in the water may be responsible for effects on wildlife that include feminizing male fish and making others sluggish or uninterested in eating.

Timothy Gross, a USGS toxicologist, has spent several years studying how fish are faring downstream from Las Vegas.

He examined three species -- carp, largemouth bass and the endangered razorback sucker -- and detected "a very large and marked decrease in sperm quality and quantity" in all three populations.

There are enough carp and bass to withstand such effects, Gross said, but the razorback sucker may not recover. "When you have a species already on the brink, this may push them over the brink," he said.

Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., who has secured $2.5 million in the past decade to fund the Geological Survey's water quality studies in the Las Vegas Valley, said the government needs "to do a comprehensive national study to determine how these contaminants might affect our health, our water supplies and our environment."

State and local officials are growing increasingly impatient. David Galvin, who manages the hazardous waste program in King County, Wash., is coming under pressure from county residents to collect unused pharmaceuticals from hospitals as well as from elderly residents' homes.

He is working with the nonprofit Product Stewardship Institute in Boston to start a national dialogue between drug manufacturers and government agencies on how to minimize the environmental impact of discarded medicines.

"Otherwise, we at the local level are going to be stuck with figuring out how to deal with it and...

Other Papers Like A True Friendship

How Does The Nature Of Friendship Affect Our Moral Obligations

1326 words - 6 pages , but only because he judges this to be a way of promoting his own interests. Such a relationship is not a friendship” (Alpern 1983, p.306). Thus there are no qualities present that are indicative of true friendship. Being absorbed by these superficial types of relationships can be harmful to one’s emotional and mental state as we are not nourished by the establishment of true connection with another being, rather we are overtaken by a

Becket Essay

554 words - 3 pages gives up his Lord Chancellor ring, showing he is not a friend anymore. Henry then commands his men to kill Becket, which they do while he is praying. Thus concludes the reasons for the dissolution of friendship between Thomas Becket and Henry II. The dissolution of friendship between Becket and Henry depicts the rising tide of friendship, which soon falls after resentment. They were true friends at first, but the accumulation of

Work Ethics

1030 words - 5 pages ) | | | |Juan Verdades: The Man Who Couldn't Tell A Lie - Joe Hayes (trustworthiness, honesty) | | | |Jungle Bullies - Steven Kroll (negotiation, friendship, anti-bullying theme

Friendship Theme in Gilgamesh

1020 words - 5 pages True friendship is egalitarian. Everything is shared, loyalty to the friendship is equal, and the basis of the camaraderie is wholly altruistic. The friendship between the king Gilgamesh and the man of the steppe, Enkidu, was not a true and equal friendship. Loyalties and sacrifices to that friendship were disproportionate. Friendship is conveyed in more than one way in Gilgamesh. The companionship between Enkidu and the animals of the

Love or Friendship

1109 words - 5 pages worth the prick of the thorn or the pain that love may cause. The mention of winter indicates time and death. In winter the rose briar will die and will not be able to be called “fair.” This is true of a broken relationship. When love dies, it may also be ugly and unfair. Meanwhile, the holly tree may survive the cold like a friendship, can survive without constant nurturing and intimacy. The speaker indicates that she does not feel that love

Theme Of "Artemis Fowl: The Opal Deception"

711 words - 3 pages Fowl the Second. I have friends" (234). Artemis finally realizes the true meaning of friendship, and apologizes to Holly. "And first of all, let me apologize for that consultant business. That was very rude. Please forgive me" (235). The teenager finally understands that friendship is more important than materialism, and that friend could be the most important things one could have.Artemis Fowl first starts of a selfish, spoiled, materialistic and

Do You Think a Man and Woman Can Be True Friends?

893 words - 4 pages Before discussing about the true friendship between a man and woman, the meaning of “true friends” should be clearly defined. Although it varies from person to person, nobody may disagree that the friendship with the same-sex is the true friendship. Also, there is no other choice but to think of it as true friendship because it is the only one option left after we exclude friendship with the opposite-sex. Therefore, in this paper, the true

Friendship 6

1203 words - 5 pages “A friendship that can cease has never been real.” This quote by Saint Jerome is mirrored by the two friendships in Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck and A Separate Peace by John Knowles. Best friends are loyal to one another and always have each other’s backs. A true friendship does not end by a failed plan or a disaster. Friendship lasts only as long as people are willing to keep it going. Friends always stick together even if it’s a burden

Fahrenheit 451

626 words - 3 pages deal with my fear. Now, I didn't fall in love with the book immediatly, possibly due to the book's slow begining. But as I read on, I became much more interested and exited about reading this book. I became intriged by the spider's (Charlotte) kindness and friendship with her new friend Wilbur (a pig). Now without reading the book,you woould think such a friendship crazy or unordinary. But as I read, I realized that the friendship

What Is Love

529 words - 3 pages right person that you want to spend the rest of your life with. Nothing can come between unconditional love, it out weighs everything in life and sees through all the bad. Although there are many different kinds of love, we all experience love at one point. Whether it is friendship love, security love, romantic love, or unconditional love. Love is a part of each and every one of our lives. It’s what brings everyone together and allows people to start a new life, and bring new life into this world. Love is an overused word, and usually is misused. We need to know the true definition of love in order to completely experience “true love”.

The Kite Runner

679 words - 3 pages "For you, a thousand times over! He promised" The Value of True Friendship The Kite Runner is an excellent portrayal of two boys who experience, and attempt to overcome, daily internal struggles just to remain friends. During the novel their friendship flourishes, but is also tested. They remain friends, but not without lasting guilt, resent, and a test of loyalty. The boys were brought up in completely different social classes. Amir

Related Essays

Ralph Waldo Emerson Essay: Friendship

606 words - 3 pages What is a real friendship? Have you ever had one? Some people may have a different view of friendship and of what a friendship means to them but is there something that actually proves what a real friendship is? People feel as if Emerson’s philosophy on friendship was real idealistic and true. In Emerson’s essay, Friendship, he shows that friendship is two things, sincerity and tenderness. Emerson’s philosophy of friendship is sincerity

On Friendship Essay

1504 words - 7 pages friendship. Thirdly, meet friendship with friendship is a vital condition. Lastly, friendship may need equality. Firstly, true friendship is based on goodness. For me, Augustine and his very dear friend were true friends although Augustine states that, ‘Neither in those earlier days nor indeed in the later time of which I now speak was he a friend in the truest meaning of friendship.’ (Conf.4.4.7, 96) To me, he did not think it was truest friendship

Friendship Essay

888 words - 4 pages Friendship Friendship in the English dictionary means” the state of being a friend; association as friends, a friendly relation or intimacy.” We all have friends, but how many of them are considered true friendship? Friendship is not just having a lot of friends. It is like having a family member. Friendship in my dictionary is my childhood friend who I grew up with when we were in kindergarten, a friend who is a part of my

Loyalty In A Friendship Essay

570 words - 3 pages , which had the signature of Babe Ruth, they would visit him once a week to talk baseball. Through the loyalty in the promise they made to Mr. Mertle they also began a friendship. So, HOW IMPORTANT IS LOYALTY IN A FRIENDSHIP? Without loyalty in a friendship you would not fully value your friend. You would question their character, you might even restrain yourself from being a true friend. Loyalty is an essential in friendship. Acquaintances become friends through mutual loyalty. And without the loyalty the worst of enemies could be friends. As a conclusion, loyalty is very important in a friendship. To have one is nothing without he other.