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A History Of The Han Dynasty

801 words - 4 pages

November 20 2009During the Han Dynasty, China officially became a Confucian state and did really good through agriculture, handicrafts and commerce. "The population reached 50 million and the empire expanded its political and cultural influence over Vietnam, Central Asia, Mongolia, and Korea before it finally collapsed from a lethal mixture of domestic and external pressures."(Han) "The first of the two periods of the dynasty, namely the Former Han Dynasty or the Western Han Dynasty 206 BC - AD 9 seated at Chang'an and the Later Han Dynasty or the Eastern Han Dynasty 25 - 220 seated at Luoyang."(Han) The western-eastern Han convention is used nowadays to avoid confusion with the Later Han ...view middle of the document...

The paths of caravan traffic are often called the "Silk Road" because the route was used to export Chinese silk. "Chinese armies also invaded parts of northern Vietnam and northern Korea toward the end of the second century BC. Han control of peripheral regions was generally insecure, however."(China) To ensure peace with non-Chinese local powers, the Han court developed a mutually beneficial "tributary system." Non-Chinese states were allowed to remain autonomous in exchange for symbolic acceptance of Han overlord ship. Tributary ties were confirmed and strengthened through intermarriages at the ruling level and periodic exchanges of gifts and goods.The collapse of the Han dynasty was followed by nearly four centuries of rule by warlords. Although the Qin pretty much invented Chinese government, or at least the form that all subsequent dynasties would follow, in addition to standardizing Chinese culture in very vital ways (standards, weights, measures, and most importantly, writing) in Chinese history it is the Han, the longest dynasty in Chinese history, that defines Chinese culture. "The Chinese themselves frequently refer to themselves as the "people of the Han."(China)Si, MaqianFor all that, the Han were actually two dynasties, but since the second dynasty...

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