A Historiography On Women Workers In World War I

2733 words - 11 pages

When doing history, we should always remember that there are many different ways of determining how history happens. Historians do not always agree on why some events happened. In considering women in the First World War, we must consider how women during the war contributed to the war effort. Through choosing four sources and by focusing on how the history of women workers in world war one was handled, this essay will show how each historian dealt with this topic. To understand the women workers during the First World War, four primary sources were selected. Working-Class Culture, Women, and Britain, 1914-1921 by Claire A. Culleton examines working-class women in the Great War, however, ...view middle of the document...

Smith inevitably concludes that women's work did in fact have an impact on the development of women's roles in the workplace over the course of the century. By looking at several war diaries, magazines and novels, Smith explores the responses within historical, social, and cultural contexts in order to understand the impact of the Great War on working women. Finally, the last source chosen, Nice Girls and Rude Girls by Deborah Thom adopts a traditional social history approach by exploring and drawing upon official records, contemporary writing and oral history. Thom examines the myth and reality of women's "experience of war" and argues that the effect of war-work has changed but not improved their working lives. The accounts presented in these sources will support the main theme of women workers during World War I while illuminating how these four specific historians chose to explore this theme.In Working-Class Culture, Britain, and Women, 1914-1921, Culleton takes on an ambitious goal of trying to explain and transform the reader's understanding of the nature of war. However, her simplistic analytical approach and her insistence to cover so many various aspects of women's lives outside their writing became a weakness of her book. For example, the first three chapter of Culleton's book provide an overview of women's factory work and popular reactions to women war workers. These chapters added little for historians who are already familiar with the work of Gail Braybon and Deborah Thom. Culleton's seems angry at the treatment and exploitation of women workers during the First World War. Culleton establishes her own subjectivity here towards women. However, this emotion only simmers just below the surface of her book, which is somewhat similar and reminiscent of Braybon's study, Women Workers in the First World War. Yet Culleton's indignation sometimes could be taken as naïve, as if she really didn't understand the way Braybon seemed to. Braybon's passion seemed more sophisticated and refined and added to her book because she gives reasons why she should be angry, whereas Culleton's does not, which then seemed to be a weakness in Culleton's book. Culleton appears to be surprised by her findings, many of which are well documented elsewhere, and she is passionately uncritical in her use of the oral statements of women interviewed by the Imperial War Museum in the 1970s. That is to say, that she never backed up what the women say. In addition, it didn't seem like Culleton placed women's wartime experiences in context and in this respect does not develop a critique as coherent as Braybon's.The most intriguing section of the book is the fourth chapter, an examination of munitions workers' factory newspapers. Culleton explains that women's wartime newspapers were originally modeled on soldiers' trench newspapers, but that women quickly began "one-upping the male publications in terms of news, humor, artwork and overall quality." Culleton asserts...

Other Papers Like A Historiography On Women Workers In World War I

World War I Essay

683 words - 3 pages World War I The First World War is also known as the Great War that ended all wars. The First War World began on August 4, 1914, when German troops poured into Belgium. When American first have knowledge of the military tension in Europe, they wanted to stay out of the war and declared neutrality. Many believed that the First World War is caused by nationalism, imperialism, militarism, and the system of alliances. As national interests and

World War I Essay

722 words - 3 pages countries. Germany, for example, tripled naval construction in order to challenge Britain’s control of the seas. With all this going on in the world, it was only a matter of time before something happened. All these long term causes needed was a spark to send them over the edge and into war. That spark happened on June 28, 1914. In Bosnia, Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated by a young nationalist. The young man belonged to a group that

World War I

1476 words - 6 pages WORLD WAR I Era Bella: growing tension between powers, as a result of economic globalization and the rise of colonialism 1882 Triple Alliance: linking Germany with Austria-Hungary and Italy, to maintain the beneficial state for Germany. Weltpolitik: world hegemony policy driven by William II, after acceding to the throne in 1888 and in 1890 to dismiss the Chancellor Bismark • Withdrawal from Russia in 1890 to renew the Reinsurance

World War I - 849 words

849 words - 4 pages . This gave the American people one more hour of daylight and saved power and fuel consumption. Though there was some opposition to the war effort, the U.S.A. strived and at the end of the war became an industrial power and a world force.The Great War proved to be a great victory for the U.S.A. in foreign territory. The Western front, and other great battle lines were held once the U.S.A. entered the war. In particular, the greatest achievement

World War I - Paper 2

865 words - 4 pages to the war. Russia is an excellent example. According to the Proclamation of Petrograd Soviet Workers (1a), the war put Russia in horrible condition, leading to the beginning of the Russian Revolution. Most countries involved in the war declared, early on, a state of total war. In an excerpt from Russian Revolution, by Herbert Bradsky (1b), Vladimir Lenin imposed “war communism” on the economy and became dictator. At the end of the war

Wartime Propaganda: World War I

4097 words - 17 pages The Drift Towards War "Lead this people into war, and they'll forget there was ever such a thing as tolerance. To fight, you must be brutal and ruthless, and the spirit of ruthless brutality will enter into the very fiber of national life, infecting the Congress, the courts, the policeman on the beat, the man in the street." It is one of history's great ironies that Woodrow Wilson, who was re- elected as a peace candidate in 1916

Spanish American War and World War I

823 words - 4 pages on the world by spreading their religious beliefs though mission and the spread of democracy. In countless ways, World War I created the fundamental elements of 20th century history. Genocide emerged as an act of war along with chemical warfare and the use of poison gas on the battlefield. The international system was totally transformed. On one hand fascism came out of the war and on the other there was a communist movement that had emerged and

Women In Civil War

1435 words - 6 pages Women were vital in staffing the war by encouraging men to enlist, even stating that they would not marry anyone who did not. The Civil War had a tremendous impact on everyone in America during the four years of a battle that claimed many lives and divided many families. Although, the civil war was known as a man’s fight the image women had during the civil was as nurses, spies, or ladies maintaining the house why the men are away. They even

World War Ii: a World at War

2048 words - 9 pages Netherlands East Indies. It would then complete its conquest of China, and unite all East Asia under Japanese domination in a Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. Japan had no plans for invading the United States mainland. The Germans were still angry and wanted revenge after losing World War I and being forced to give up some territory and losing much of its wealth when signing the Treaty of Versailles. Germany was already in debt on its own after the

How We'Re The Lives Of Women Effected In The First World War

1714 words - 7 pages point of view does correspond with my background knowledge and is also backed by other sources I have read so I think it is a fair representation of the general attitude of munitions workers. The work women were doing in all fields during the war was instrumental to Britain's success at home and on the field of war, and in 1917 this was accepted by the government. Source 9 is a quote from Herbert Asquith, a former British PM, speaking to a public

Causes and Effects of World War I

527 words - 3 pages increase in confrontation that helped push the world into World War I. Finally, there’s Nationalism. Much of the origin of the war was based on the desire of the Slavic peoples in Bosnia and Herzegovina to no longer be part of Austria Hungary but instead be part of Serbia. In this way, nationalism led directly to the War. But in a more general way, the nationalism of the various countries throughout Europe contributed not only to the beginning but

Related Essays

Women In World War 2 Essay

881 words - 4 pages Women in World War II When someone mentions World War II, do you groan and think, "I don't want to hear about World War II, that happened such a long time ago and it doesn't have any thing to do with me?" Did you know that swing dancing and swing music similar to that played by Big Daddy Little Daddy was popular in the 1940s? Even some recent movies such as Pearl Harbor are based on 1940s events. Since so many more movies are portraying

Class Distinctions In World War I

1004 words - 5 pages Class Distinctions in World War I Pat Barker's novel Regeneration explores the effects that World War I has on the human condition and more specifically on the condition of the British people. One particular area of exploration is the detrimental presence of class distinctions within the ranks of the British military. This issue of class distinction is addressed specifically on pages 66 and 67 of the novel through a conversation between

World War I (Aftermath) Essay

3488 words - 14 pages On January 8, 1918, Woodrow Wilson went to Congress to announce his ideas regarding the war affairs of America. He created something known as the Fourteen Points, a plan that would determine the foreign affairs of the United States after World War I (Brower). When looking at the points, it is easy to identify how these were similar in nature, allowing them to be grouped. The first group deals with the points one, two, three, four, and five

World War I Essay 1756 Words

1756 words - 8 pages World War I Bill Johnson DeVry University Professor Kevin Muir DeVry University June 22nd, 2014 World War I 1914-1918 will be dates forever ingrained into the history of the world. These dates bring about and highlight the human thirst for expansion, oppression, and war. These four years of time depict a flaw in human nature that goes against all common sense in the belief in peace. This is proven in the fact that humans have