|A Comparative Study of Congreve’s THE WAY OF THE WORLD and Sheridan’s THE SCHOOL FOR |
Restoration Comedy is genre of drama ,better known as the Comedy of Manners, as it deals with the externals of life in upper class society, interested in the fashions of time, its manners, its speech, its interests. The scenes are set in the parlours, coffee houses, streets and ...view middle of the document...
In The Way of the World, Mr. Fainall marries Mrs. Fainall for the sake of money to spend on his mistress, Mrs. Marwood . Even Mirabell cannot forgo Millamant's fortune of six thousand pounds in spite of his love for her. Something similar happens in The School for Scandal ,Joseph wants to marry Maria just for the sake of money and Joseph Surface presents to be kind and generous in front of his uncle Sir Olliver just for acquiring fortune from him.
In both the plays most of all the characters portrayed
are Aristocrats. Their mannerism and affectations are displayed and satirized in both The Way of the World and The School for Scandal and their luxurious life is showcased.
Both the plays also share a prominent similarity of Scandal Mongering. In The Way of the World in the Act I itself it is revealed that Lady Wishfort organizes Cabal Nights regularly in which all the people gossip and critize specific people.And in The School For Scandal the scandal mongering is the central idea around which the whole plot is weaved.
In both the plays there are Symbolic Names that is name of all the characters reveal something about their nature. For example in Congreve's play the names like Lady Wishfort wishes for many things which are beyond her reach and thus her name. Millamant has many admirers hence her name is so. Mr. Fainall pretends to be very different from what he really is so his name is Fainall-feign(pretend). Mrs Marwood has harmful intentions hence her name. Similarly in Sheridan’s play also the names are symbolic like Lady Teazle is fond of teasing others, Charles’s name sounds like childlike and he is childlike by nature. Mr. Premium is a Jewish moneylender hence his name is related to money matters.Mr. Snake has habit of scandal mongering about people hence his name is so.
“Marriage” is central issue in both the plays, in The Way of the World , Mirabell wants to marry Millamant, Lady Wishfort desires to marry Sir Rowland and Lady Wishfort wants Millamant to marry her rustic nephew. In The School for Scandal ,Charles and Maria wish to marry each other, Lady Teazle wishes to marry Charles, Joseph desires to marry Maria and Sir Benjamin Backbite also wants to marry Maria.The topic of matrimony is of great importance plays in both the plays as all the intrigues are planned primarily for the sake of marrying the person of choice.
Marital discord is also a similar feature of both Congreve’s and Sheridan’s play. In The Way of the World, the marriage of Mr. Fainall and Mrs. Fainall is unsuccessful as it lacks mutual love, respect and trust. While in In The School for Scandal, the domestic life of Mr. Peter and Lady Teazle is unhappy because of the extravagance of Lady Teazle.
In both the plays deviation from the conventional love can be seen. In Congreve's play Millamant appears to be in love with Mirabell but she also enjoys and desires the attention of other men. Also Mirabell appears to be deeply in love with Millamant but...