CRJS430 – 1104A – 01 Unit 1 IP
October 6, 2011
American Intercontinental University
In this paper, I will discuss the four types of research theories – deductive, inductive, grounded, and axiomatic. I will also discuss why and how these theories are used, and which is the most relevant, or most important. I will discuss the differences and similarities in theory and hypothesis. I will also discuss variables, and why they are important components of theoretical research.
Four Types of Research Theories
When doing research, it is important to first have your idea, or subject you will be researching. Once you have chosen the subject, then ...view middle of the document...
They are used separately and together.
Deductive research is used working from a larger, more general set of ideas, and works down to a more specific set of ideas. This is called the top – down approach to research. We start out by using a general idea, then working it down to a hypothesis that can be tested. We can even go further and narrow this hypothesis down to an observation and test that into a confirmation of the original deduction of our theory.
Inductive research works the opposite way. We start our research from a very specific idea, and change it into a very broad and generalized theory. This is called a bottom – up approach to research. We start with very specific measures or observations, detect patterns, then reach a hypothesis that we explore, ending up with generalized conclusions and theories.
The differences in these two theories, is that deductive research starts out very open ended and exploratory, while inductive research starts out more specific. Most research contains both methods, even though it may seem that the information is one or the other type. (Trochim, 2006).
Grounded research is when the theory is developed using the facts. This is somewhat an inductive method or approach. Some experts say that grounded research separates theory and data, while others say it combines the two. This type of theory takes questions and comparisons and uses explicit procedures to guide this type of research. This method of research provides the researcher density, saturation, and justification in the end data, by using detailed and systematic procedures. Grounded theory has many advantages. However, because the process requires a lot of expertise from the researcher, this method is not recommended for novice researchers and they should avoid this method of research. (essortment, 2011).
Axiomatic research is when reliable and predictable evaluations can be obtained. Scientific points are used to make research predict exactly what will happen. One example of this is Newton’s Theory of Gravity. Scientific methods were used to determine what would happen to the apple when it fell. Scientifically, this could always be predicted to happen when researching gravity. (Thompson, 2006).
I feel that the type of subject being researched, would determine which type of research method should be used. I do not feel that one theory is better than the other. I do feel that one type may be used more often than another, simply because of the type of research being done, and different researchers study differently and may prefer one method over another. I also feel that time, money, personal feelings, and resources also determine why or how a researcher conducts his research, and what method they choose to use.
Theory and Hypothesis