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1960's Essay

729 words - 3 pages

1960’s Essay by Hailey Kotz

The Nineteen Sixties was a decade that changed America forever. The topics that arose during the sixties were not small. When they were accomplished or challenged, the outcome changed American society forever. Most legislative bills passed in the sixties still remain today.
The Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) was created in August of 1964 by the Economic Opportunity Act. The OEO was a part of President Lyndon B. Johnson’s social and economic plans known as the “Great Society” and the “War on Poverty”. When it was created, the OEO coordinated the Job Corps, Neighborhood Youth Corps, work training and study programs, community action agencies including Head ...view middle of the document...

The Civil Rights Act also attempted to deal with the problem of African Americans being denied the vote in the South. The 1965 Voting Rights Act was naturally to follow on to the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Ironically, the 1964 Act had resulted in an outbreak of violence in the South. White racists had launched a campaign against the success that Martin Luther King had in getting African Americans to register to vote. The violence reminded Johnson that more was needed if the civil rights issue was to be reduced. President Lyndon Johnson’s landslide election in 1964 led to the adoption of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965. Medicaid provides health insurance for the poor, and Medicare provides health insurance for individuals sixty-five and over and the disabled. The Elementary and Secondary Education Act emphasizes equal access to education and shortens the achievement gaps between students by providing each child with fair and equal opportunities to achieve education. This act was passed in 1965 as a part of President Lyndon Johnson’s “War on Poverty” as well.
Reynolds v. Sims is a landmark case in 1964, in which the U.S. Supreme Court established...

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