13-YEAR OLD WITH DIABETES
ITT Technical Institute
13-YEAR OLD WITH DIABETES
Hi my name is Renee, I am your doctor’s nurse. He wanted me to help you understand your new diagnosis type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is when the body cannot make insulin. Insulin is important because it helps your body move glucose (sugar) from the food you eat to your beta cells. Glucose is used as energy for your cells so they can work in your body properly. (Renfrew, 2014)
Normally the endocrine system works to create insulin using a negative feedback system. The food that is consumed is broken down into sugar and raises your blood sugar level, the pancreas makes insulin, the insulin stimulates glycogen which is processed in the liver and brings the blood sugar levels back down. Your ...view middle of the document...
The idea behind this treatment is to keep your blood sugar level as close to normal as possible so that we can slow down or stop further complications. The goal is to keep your blood sugar levels between 70 and 130 during the daytime before you eat. You should make sure that it does not go any higher than 180 two hours after you eat. If you start to feel shaky, dizzy, lightheaded, heart beating too fast, headache, irritable, or have blurred vision you will need to check your blood sugar level to make sure it is not too low (hypoglycemia). If you do have low blood sugar you will need to have 15 to 20 grams of a fast acting carb such as hard candy, regular soda, glucose tablet, or fruit juice and retest again in 15 minutes. If it is still low your will need to repeat this process.
On the other hand your blood sugar level can get too high (hyperglycemia) by eating too much, eating the wrong types of food, and not taking enough insulin. The signs to watch for are increased thirst, blurred vision, feeling tired, irritability, increased hunger, and having a difficult time concentrating. You need to check your levels if you think your blood sugar is too high and use a corrective shot of insulin that should bring your blood sugar back to a normal range. Do you have any questions that I can answer for you? (Treatments and drugs, 2014)
Blood Sugar Regulation. (n.d.). Retrieved from Biology Reference: http://www.biologyreference.com/Bl-Ce/Blood-Sugar-Regulation.html
Renfrew, R. (2014, November 14). What is type 1 diabetes. Retrieved from MediKidz: http://www.medikidz.com/gb-en/world-diabetes-day-what-is-type-1-diabetes/
Treatments and drugs. (2014, August 02). Retrieved from MayoClinic: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-1-diabetes/basics/treatment/con-20019573