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Avro Canada History
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Avro
Canada's history is very well documented. I do not
feel that a very long description is required, therefore
I will give a condensed version here.
After
World War 2, the A.V. Roe aircraft company was restructuring
and looking for new projects. During the war the company
produced several planes such as the Anson, Lysander and
the Lancaster bomber in it's Malton, (Toronto) plant
(Victory Aircraft). It was now peacetime and new aviation
ideas were surfacing. The company designed and built
the first successful jet turbine powered passenger aircraft
in North America called the "Jetliner".
At this time the norm for passenger aviation were propeller
powered planes such as the DC 3. The concept was revolutionary.
After successful flights, one being to New York city,
where the designers and crew were given a ticker tape
parade, and heralded as aviation pioneers, the project
was scrapped. The U.S. aircraft industry quickly picked
up on idea.
At
the same time the RCAF required a new jet fighter and
the company designed and built the CF-100, "CANUCK" a
sub mach fighter plane, 692 were built.
During
the 1950's the "Cold War" was heating up between
the United States and Russia. Nuclear bombs were everywhere,
people lived in fear that a nuclear war would start and
everyone would be killed.
The
RCAF needing a replacement for the slow Cf-100, drew
up requirements for a new "Jet Interceptor" which
would fly past the north pole and shoot down the invading
Russian planes in the far north before they could reach
populated areas in the south. This plane would protect
Canada as well as the United States since the shortest
flying route to the United States is over Canada. The
revolutionary Mach 2 + "Avro
Arrow" was designed. The "CF-105",
was a large delta winged, twin engine plane that could
leave bases in the south and reach the invaders in minutes.
The
company was awarded the contracts and design and testing
began. To save design time and costs a prototype was
not built, the company used scale models for wind tunnel
and high mach tests performed by CARDE.
The results from these types of testing went right to
the production line.
The
rollout was on Oct. 4, 1957 and first flight was on March,
25, 1958, successfully flown by test pilot Jan Zurakowski.
Oct.
4 1957 was the same date that the Russians launched the
first space satellite "Sputnik".
The
plane was successful and flight testing went on. Five
planes flew for almost 70 hrs, the sixth was 99% completed
and was to be a Mark 2, incorporating the newly manufactured "IROQUOIS" engine
provided by Avro subsidiary ORENDA. Thirty more were
in various stages of production in the plant.
The "IROQUOIS" engine
was a technological marvel in itself. Mostly created
from titanium, it produced more thrust than any other
engine built anywhere in the world and was very lightweight.
Avro
Aircraft was also designing and producing "Secret" projects
such as "Project Y",
which was a "Flying Saucer" for the United
States military.
Suddenly
Feb. 20, 1959, Prime Minister John Diefenbaker stood
in the house of commons and announced that the Arrow
and Iroquois projects were canceled.
This
immediately put over 50,000 people out of work at the
plants and outside suppliers. Avro Canada was closed.
All
the planes, in production and flying, with their blueprints,
dies, moulds, anything that had anything to do with the
plane was ordered destroyed by the government. The pieces
were cut up for scrap and smelted in Hamilton, Ontario.
  A
large number of engineers were immediately recruited
to NASA and worked on every US space project, including "Apollo". Avro
Canada engineers played an important role in putting
man on the moon. Some engineers went to the "Concord
Project" and continued their work in high mach aviation.
Orenda
Engines survived and still produce top line turbine engines
for helicopters and aircraft.
The
Avro Jetliner and Arrow are long gone, however they remain
an important part of our Canadian history; please find
as much Arrow information as possible and learn the story
of the Avro Arrow,
"The
Legend That Will Never Die".
Lancaster Mk.10
Avro Jetliner
Cf-100 Canuck
Avro Arrow
Avro Car
Destruction
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